Articles / News / Cuba / Biosphere Reserves Contribute to Life, Economy and the Environment
Thursday, August 9, 2012
Biosphere Reserves Contribute to Life, Economy and the Environment
HAVANA, Cuba, Aug 9. Baconao is the name of a Cuban biosphere reserve expanding between the eastern provinces of Guantanamo and Santiago de Cuba, where locals develop intense economic and biological conservation activity.
The reserve includes 52 rural human settlements, whose members cultivate coffee, root vegetables, fruits and develop livestock and forestry in an area expanding along 82 300 hectares of land, said the director of the National Center for Protected Areas Maritza Garcia.
The protection and conservation of the local biodiversity is a priority here, where experts carry out research, monitoring of plant and animal species, environmental education actions, reforestation plans and ecological restoration; these initiatives involve the local farmers.
As part of its infrastructure, Baconao also has four museums, two camping sites, hotels and other tourist resorts, plus 44 healthcare centers and 78 schools covering from elementary to high school education, the official said.
A large number of endemic plant species are taken care of in four ecological reserves and national parks.
Biosphere Reserves are recognized by the Man and the Biosphere Program of the UN Education Science and Culture Organization (UNESCO).
Other Cuban biosphere reserves include the Sierra del Rosario Mountain Range and the Guanahacabibes Peninsula, in western Pinar del Rio; Cuchillas del Toa, also in Guantanamo; the Zapata Peninsula, in western Matanzas province, and the Jardines del Rey archipelago, in central Ciego de Avila. (acn)
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