San Jose, Oct 3.- Statistics from the Ministry of Health of Costa Rica confirm today 307 Zika cases in the first 38 weeks of 2017, while notifying 2,124 people likely to carry that dangerous arbovirus.
The weekly bulletin of the Directorate of Vector Control and the Costa Rican Institute for Research and Teaching in Nutrition and Health reports that among the confirmed cases are 60 pregnant women and four are likely to carry the disease. So far this year, four confirmed cases of a congenital syndrome associated with this condition were reported, as well as four other probable cases.
In 2016, 1,614 Zika cases were reported in this Central American nation, of 6,835 suspected cases, 2,814 of which were discarded. Two cases of congenital syndromes and two neurological diseases associated with the dangerous virus were confirmed.
The bulletin states that in the first 266 days of 2017, 3,705,395 potential mosquitoes breeding sites have been tackled as mosquitos transmit the Zica virus, as well as those that cause chikungunya and dengue fever, of which 2,362,948 breeding sites were treated and 1,565,495 were eliminated.
Likewise, the report notes that 945,556 houses were visited, 569,281 of which were inspected and 376,275 were fumigated. Health authorities also found 38,438 mosquito breeding sites with eggs or larvae.
Car tires, tanks and buckets, plastic covers, animal dishes and pots are the main deposits where the Costa Rican health authorities has found mosquito breeding sites. The Health Surveillance Authority's report also shows that 322 cases of chikungunya were detected in the referred period, fewer than the 2,935 cases registered in the first 38 weeks of 2016 when 3,361 Costa Ricans had this disease.
It also reported 4,320 cases of dengue fever, a figure well below the 17,794 cases reported in the first 266 days of last year, when 22,209 Costa Ricans suffered from the disease.
The report also included 14 cases of malaria detected in the course of 2017, five of which were imported and nine autochthonous.
Last year, Costa Rica reported 13 malaria patients, four of them indigenous, mainly transmitted by the Anopheles albimanus mosquito, which has behavioral patterns and breeding sites different from those of the Aedes aegypti, which transmits dengue, Zika and chikungunya. (Prensa Latina)