Washington, Feb 5.- The number of malaria cases increased in several countries of the Americas in 2016 and 2017, after almost a decade of sustained decline, highlights an epidemiological update of the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO).
According to the report , Colombia, Ecuador, El Salvador, Haiti, Honduras, Nicaragua, Panama and Venezuela reported increase in 2016, while Brazil, Ecuador, Mexico, Nicaragua and Venezuela did it last year.
The PAHO update also draws attention to countries that, although they are malaria-free or have very few cases, have reported autochthonous transmission of the disease last year.
Among these nations, added the brief, Cuba and Costa Rica notified several during the stage and Honduras registered some cases in an area where they had not been recently informed.
Likewise, reference is made to nations such as Ecuador and Mexico, where transmission has decreased significantly in recent years, but there was an increase in the number of affected in 2017.
The existence of conditions of vulnerability and poverty in populations that live in areas with the presence of the vector and transmission of the disease, explain the rise, says the text of the Regional Office for the Americas of the World Health Organization (WHO).
Likewise, it added, the predominance of labor and economic activities that increase the risk of exposure to vectors (mining, extraction of natural products, agriculture), as well as the unplanned occupation of the space.
With regard to this reality, PAHO urges the countries to strengthen the actions of surveillance and control of the disease, especially the measures related to the early detection of cases, the timely diagnosis and the immediate start of treatment. (Prensa Latina)