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Friday, August 23, 2019
Saturday, November 3, 2018

Las Clavellinas: Camagüey people in the 1868 libertarian struggle

By Yaniuska Macías Rivera/  Cuban News Agency.

The uprising of Las Clavellinas, on November 4th, 1868, marks in the history of Cuba the decision of the patriots of Camagüey to join to the war initiated in  La Demajagua by Carlos Manuel de Céspedes, 150 years ago.

A telegram encrypted from Havana, received by Salvador Cisneros, on the 2nd of that month, which communicated the departure of a ship destined for Nuevitas, loaded with war ammunition for the colonial army, decided to immediately incorporate Camagüey to the contest.

For the main leaders of the revolutionary board of the territory, including Ignacio Agramonte y Loynaz, the patriots in the eastern part of the country could not be abandoned, so it was imperative to prevent the Spanish plans, and there was only one way to stop the train that from the port of the north coast of the territory would transfer 1500 rifles to the city of Puerto Príncipe.

Although Céspedes’ uprising on October 10th, 1868 was not immediately seconded by Camagüey, while waiting for its leader Salvador Cisneros Betancourt, there were isolated uprisings in support of Bayamo, according to historical references that mention the participation of between 200 and 300 insurgents in several locations, as the same Nuevitas.

The Camagüey people of the time were divided between those willing to emancipation and those who accepted the reforms with guarantees of freedom offered to them by the authorities of the metropolis. However, that did not prevent 24 days after the Declaration of Yara, 76 revolutionaries of the then Puerto Príncipe’s region will rise in arms.

 Historians agree that the insurrection on this territory was a family legacy, demonstrated before on October 10th, 1868 and after that date, and generations of the Arango family, Agüero, Agramonte and the brothers Manuel, Gregorio and Gerónimo Boza Agramonte, the latter, superior chief of the nascent Camagüey troop did it later.

They note that Ignacio Mora de la Pera carried the tricolor flag, and by indication of Eduardo Agramonte Piña the march towards the engine El Cercado, where they organized themselves as military force and swore to fight for the independence of Cuba, took place hours later.

 Hurrahs to free Cuba, to Céspedes and to Camagüey people closed that patriotic and defining act of the Antillean historical memory.

Camagüey had just entered the frontal combat against the peninsular domination and the independence of the fatherland. (ACN)(Photo: File)