London, Jan. 10 - 2019 was the fifth in a series of exceptionally hot years and the second warmest in history on a world scale, the Copernicus Climate Change Service demonstrates in a report.
According to the source, these data provide the first comprehensive overview of global temperatures and levels of carbon dioxide (CO2) last year, which continue to increase.
According to the source, the results are consistent with the previous projections of the World Meteorological Organization (WMO), which estimated that the year just ended would be the second or third warmest year in history.
The data show that the five warmest years that are recorded have been those of the last five years, with 2019 emerging as the second hottest year. Also, the decade from 2010 to 2019 has been the warmest of all.
The study highlights that last year's temperature was almost 0.6 degrees Celsius warmer than the average for the period between 1981 and 2010, while the average temperature of the last five years has been between 1.1 and 1.2 degrees Celcius above the pre-industrial level as defined by the IPCC, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change.
The research highlights that Europe recorded the hottest calendar year in its history, with temperatures slightly above those of 2014, 2015 and 2018.
In addition, according to satellite measurements of global CO2 concentrations in the atmosphere, CO2 emissions continued to increase in 2019 and increased by 2.3 to 0.8 ppm. When referring to the most affected areas, the report indicates that the greatest warming against the average for the period 1981-2010 was recorded in Alaska and in large areas of the Arctic.
Most of the continental zones registered temperatures above the average, especially Eastern and Southern Europe, Southern Africa and Australia. In contrast, central and southeastern Canada experienced annual temperatures below average. (PL) (Photo: Archive)