Santiago de Chile, Oct 24.- This Sunday just over 14 million 855 thousand voters will have the option to change the history of Chile in a plebiscite described as transcendental from all political sectors.
This will be the first time in the history of the country that the population will have the opportunity to express themselves democratically about the possibility of having a Constitution and decide if they want a new Magna Carta, the content of which they can decide, or maintain the current one, imposed in 1980 by the dictatorship of Augusto Pinochet.
If the Approve option triumphs at the polls, it will be, according to many analysts, the closure of the so-called transition, which began in 1988, when, also through a plebiscite, the vast majority of Chileans said no to Pinochet's continuity in power.
Seen in the simplest way, the majority have before them the possibility of beginning to make Chile a more equitable and dignified country for all, while the few who control more than 30% of all the wealth risk the loss of a good part of their privileges.
Everything indicates that the Approval will have a comfortable victory, which is recognized even by supporters of the Rejection.
The last poll prior to the vote, Pulso Ciudadano, reflected that among the likely voters (those who expressed that they will go to the polls), 84% will mark Approve, against only 15.2 who will favor Rejection.
Meanwhile, for the drafting of the new fundamental law, 77.7% of those likely voters would opt for the Constitutional Convention (with all its representatives elected by the population) while 22.3% favor the Mixed Convention (formed by equal parts by legislators in office and elected delegates).
With slight variations, Pulso Ciudadano confirmed the trend evidenced in numerous surveys carried out throughout the year, but even so, countless voices, especially from supporters of the Approval, have called not to trust blindly in the polls and to go en masse to vote as a guarantee of triumph.
Supporters of the Rejection, such as the far-right politician José Antonio Kast, called by many "the Chilean Bosonaro ", have expressed that, if less than 50% of the electorate votes, "the plebiscite will lack legitimacy", with the consequences that this could have for subsequent events in the country.
Numerous surveys have shown that attendance will be high, above 60%, although Pulso Ciudadano pointed out that 54.6% of the population with the right to vote will go to vote, which represents just over 8 million 078 thousand people.
That is not little for a country with growing abstentionism since the mandatory vote was eliminated in 2012, to the point that in the 2017 presidential elections, in which Sebastián Piñera won, only 49.02% of the electorate voted.
In addition, the supporters of the Rejection, read the majority on the right and even some government officials, tried, first, to discourage assistance by appealing to fear of contagion with Covid-19.
But that campaign has fallen by its own weight, as it contradicts the policy of the authorities to relax the confinement caused by the Covid-19 pandemic, in order to re-boost the deteriorating economy.
They also chose to feed the fear of violence, predicting that on election day demonstrations and excesses could occur, trying, incidentally, and also unsuccessfully, to present the supporters of change as violent.
For this reason, taking into account the position of the right, determined in any way to delegitimize the plebiscite as a way out of its almost certain defeat, the supporters of the Approval have insisted endlessly in their electoral campaigns that the population flock to vote this Sunday, when the polls will have the last word. (Text and photo: PL)