Havana, Jan 22.- The Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons enters into force today and Cuba is among the first signatory states, of the 51 that have already signed in.
The Caribbean island signed the instrument on September 29, 2017, the day it was opened for signature at the United Nations headquarters in New York.
Cuba was also the fifth country to ratify it, on January 30, 2018, a sign of its commitment to general and complete disarmament.
At the end of January 18, the Treaty has 51 States parties, of which 21 are from Latin America and the Caribbean.
They are Antigua and Barbuda, Belize, Bolivia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Dominica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guyana, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Lucia, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago, Uruguay and Venezuela.
The Latin American continent is at the historical vanguard in the commitment to nuclear disarmament.
This is evidenced by the adoption of the Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America and the Caribbean, better known as the Treaty of Tlatelolco, which established that the region was the first densely populated in the world, declared a Nuclear Weapons Free Zone.
It is also reaffirmed with special statements from the Community of Latin American and Caribbean States (Celac).
The Treaty prohibits the development, testing, production, manufacture and other forms of access to nuclear weapons, the transfer or reception and the parking; no help or incentives are allowed.
It is the first instrument that qualifies the use of nuclear weapons as a threat to humanity and an act contrary to International Law and International Humanitarian Law.
The agreement opens the doors for nuclear weapon holders to unite and destroy their arsenals.
It also introduces new related topics such as victim assistance, environmental restoration, and gender issues in nuclear disarmament.
All these purposes had Cuba as an active promoter. (Text and photo: PL)