By Rosa Maria Moros Fernández / Radio Cadena Agramonte.
When Cuba was officially proclaimed an illiteracy-free territory on December 22nd, 1961 at a throng Havana’s Revolution Square, the nation was just setting the foundations for an educational system that has always been guided by Jose Marti’s principle “with all and for the benefit of all”.
The educational battle that took place in the westernmost island of the Caribbean proved that both literacy and education as a whole had been successful owning to the political will and the combined effort of all factors existing in society, without scorning other aspects, mainly technical and organizational ones, which are typical of this kind of feats.
A research carried out in 1984 by the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural
Organization (UNESCO) on experiences of this sort in eight different countries, concluded that the literacy campaign in Cuba –aside from its amazing outcomes- was very intensive and quick.
But the Cuban Revolution –driven by its humanitarian and altruistic leaning- channeled its efforts into sisterly countries, where millions of people have learned how to read and write thanks to the Cuban literacy method “Yo Sí Puedo” (YSP), developed by Camagüey-born teacher Leonela Inés Relys Díaz.
Since YSP was first put into practice in 2002 in the neighboring Haiti until now, the Cuban method has been used in 28 nations worldwide, where over 5,5 million people have been taught to read and write.
The method's structure is simple and supple, capable of being adjusted to the specific conditions of the country or region in which it is being used, and it can be fully applied in an interval of time that can vary from seven weeks to three months.
YSP also exists in systems for visually impaired people (Braille), for people with hearing disabilities and for people with minor intellectual dysfunctions, and in all cases the results have been favorable.
Firstly used in Latin American countries, YSP literacy method has benefited people in Nigeria, Guinea-Bissau, Mozambique and South Africa, once it was adapted to the languages of these countries, their historical, geographical and social conditions.
By Yamylé Fernández Rodríguez/ Radio Cadena Agramonte.
When Maria Arnaiz Barceló remembers her years of youth, her face lights up and a torrent of memories comes to her mind, memories that she doesn’t hesitate to share with this reporter.
By Yamyle Fernández and Arailaisy Rosabal / Radio Cadena Agramonte.
For Orlando Rodríguez Martínez, the memories of his adolescence left a special mark in his life, because at the age of 16 he had the privilege of being part of a pilot group of literacy educators, that was founded prior the massive Literacy Campaign that would take place in Cuba in 1961, in a bid to definitely eradicate the darkness of ignorance.
By Rolando Sarmientos Ricard /Radio Cadena Agramonte collaborator
Some 50 years ago, I met René Cardona Fuentes in Romanillo -near Morón, in the current Ciego de Ávila province- where there were merely 12 thatched huts inhabited by peasants and sugar cane cutters.
By Esther Borges Moya / Radio Cadena Agramonte.
Nations grow thanks to the arms and minds of their children. If 23.6 percent of the population aged 23 years and over in a country is illiterate, then it is unprotected, vulnerable to action of dictators and opportunists, and opened to foreign meddling.
By Mariela Peña Seguí/ Radio Cadena Agramonte.
Madrid, Sep 21.- Madrid´s teachers continue on strike on Wednesday for the second day in a row over staff cuts in the education system and on defense of public education, a demand also made by teachers in Galicia.