Havana, Cuba, Sep 19.- Pope Francis arrived in Havana this afternoon at 4 for a four-day visit that includes his officiating of three public Mass in Havana city, Holguin and Santiago.
By Livia Rodríguez Delis/Granma Newspaper
The story goes that, in 1492, when Christopher Columbus and his crew landed on this beautiful Caribbean island, they were seduced by the aroma of a mysterious leaf which the natives, who called it cohíba, rolled up and burned.
By Luis Chirino
October 6 is a sad and unforgettable date for the relatives of 73 people who died in the terrorist bombing in midair of a Cubana airliner, off the coast of Barbados, in 1976. It is also recalled as one of the most atrocious terrorist actions committed ever.
By Lucilo Tejera Díaz/AIN
It appeared that an armed uprising against the Spanish colonialism was impending in 1867. The number of pro-independence conspirators was growing in leaps and bounds, and they gathered more frequently to make plans, analyze the situation prevailing in the island and form associations.
by Eduardo Luis Martín
Under the motto of the Cuban Revolutionary Party, the Montecristi Manifest announced the program for the struggle that would begin and offered the reasons and causes of the necessary war for the island´s independence.
On the wee hours of March 10th, 1952, the Cuban people were surprised by the sinister plot to take over the country: an uprising led by Fulgencio Batista Zaldivar, who had been the “strong man” from 1934 to 1944.
By Lino Luben Perez
The landing of the members of an expedition, on board of the Granma Yacht, on December 2, 1956, in the eastern region of Cuba, made clear their firm decision to retake the fight for national independence, which had began in the 19th century.
By Yanisleidy Prado Rojas/ACN
Antonio Guiteras Holmes, born on November 22nd, 1906 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, son of Cuban Calixto Guiteras and American Marie Theresse Holmes came to live in Cuba at the age of 7 to live first in Matanzas and later in Pinar del Rio where he supported the revolutionary actions as a student.
Maybe his revolutionary ideas came from the stories that he heard of his uncle Jose Ramon Guiteras, who gave his life fighting in the Ten Year War against Spanish colonialism or his grand uncle Irish John Walsh one of the independence leaders in Ireland.
His father also taught him to love his Homeland and Cuba´s National Hero Jose Marti which led to his sensibility with the political reality on the island and consolidated his anti imperialist sentiments.
Guiteras supported Julio Antonio Mella (1903-1929) during his hunger strike and actively participated in the popular movement aimed at releasing the student leader. He joined the University Student Directive which was founded in 1930 to oppose the Gerardo Machado government and in 1932 he created the Revolutionary Union to unite the organizations that he led.
Heading the group, Guiteras launched the “Manifest to the Cuban People”, where he proposed the armed struggle as a way to oust the dictatorship.
He also considered the importance of unity to achieve victory, because “only the force of unity of all men and women –despite different political tendencies- involved in the struggle can achieve an environment of justice and liberty for the victory of a true Revolution”.
After the fall of the Machado dictatorship, he was named Government Minister during the Hundred Day administration (September 4th, 1933-January 15, 1934). Guiteras implemented measures in favor of the Cuban people and which affected the interests of the US government.
By Yolanda Diaz Martinez, Historian
Jose Quintin Banderas Betancourt was one of the Cuban Generals that participated in the three wars against Spanish colonialism in the 19th century. He did not die in combat but was assassinated on August 23rd, 1906.
By Leonardo Pupo Pupo
The Cuban people lived through a painful moment on December of 1956 when 23 young revolutionaries were assassinated by bloodthirsty Colonel Fermin Cowley Gallegos.