Havana, Feb 27.- The President of Cuba, Miguel Díaz-Canel, recalled today the 147th anniversary of the death of Carlos Manuel de Céspedes, starter of the independence wars in 1868 and the first president of the Republic in Arms.
A very Cuban day to go to the essences that Céspedes left us, whom Martí described as a volcano, the president wrote on his Twitter account.
According to the historiography, the also lawyer and landowner freed his slaves on La Demajagua farm, in the eastern Granma province, on October 10, 1868 and invited them to independence or death to start the war of liberation against Spain.
With the rank of Major General of the Liberation Army, he assumed the presidency of the Republic in Arms in April 1869, but the tensions with the House of Representatives led to his deposition on October 27, 1873.
The deposition was the prelude to the death of the so-called Father of the Nation, because he was taken away from assistants and an escort, and at the same time, was forced to march to the saga of the government, according to researchers Hortensia Pichardo and Fernando Portuondo.
After the dismissal, Céspedes settled in San Lorenzo, in the Sierra Maestra (east) where, on February 27, 1874, he died in combat against the Spanish troops. (Text and photo: PL)