Havana, Apr 14 - With the aim of continuing to support the economic-social development and other priorities of the country, in a context characterized by the intensification of the blockade imposed by the United States Government and the effects of the pandemic, in the session of this Tuesday of the Council of State, three decree-laws and an agreement related to important issues of current Cuban affairs were adopted.
The meeting was headed by the head of the National Assembly of People's Power, Esteban Lazo Hernández, and was attended, by videoconference, of the President of the Republic of Cuba, Miguel Díaz- Canel Bermúdez, and the Prime Minister, Manuel Marrero Cruz.
Greater independence in telecommunications
The members of this body approved the Act of Telecommunications, Information and Communication Technologies, and the Use of the Radioelectric Spectrum, in correspondence with the inalienable and sovereign right of the Cuban State to regulate them due to their significant role in the development political, economic and social of the country, and for constituting an effective means for the consolidation of the conquests of Socialism and the well-being of the population.
During his presentation, the Minister of Communications, Jorge Luis Perdomo Di-Lella, pointed out that the norm establishes the legal framework of telecommunications, the information and communication technologies associated with these and the use of the radioelectric spectrum, in accordance with the provisions in the Constitution of the Republic of Cuba and other applicable legal provisions, as well as with the treaties and other international legal instruments on the matter signed by Cuba.
This legislation will contribute as a basic regulatory instrument to the computerization of the country; to technological sovereignty; to the efficient management of the radioelectric spectrum; to counteract radio and cyberspace attacks; to safeguard the principles of security and invulnerability of telecommunications for the benefit of the economy, society, National Security and Defense, Internal Order and Civil Defense; and to defend the achievements of our socialist state, he stressed.
For a more efficient economic management
Within the framework of the process of updating the Cuban economic model and as another sign of the decision to continue advancing in the improvement of the state business system, the State Council issued the decree-law of the Cuban State Business System.
Said legislation regulates the principles of organization and operation of state companies, affiliated companies and superior business management organizations that make up the Cuban state business system, explained Marino Murillo Jorge, head of the Permanent Commission for Implementation and Development.
The norm specifies that the socialist state enterprise is the main subject of the national economy, has autonomy in its administration and management, plays the main role in the production of goods and services, and fulfills its social responsibilities, as established in the Constitution of the Republic. Likewise, it covers its expenses with its income, complies with the contributions destined to the State, reserves resources for its own development and benefit, and whether or not it joins Higher Organizations of Business Management, among other aspects.
In the session, the Amending Law 105, Social Security Law, of December 27,2008, was signed, by virtue of the measures approved to strengthen the socialist state enterprise and in order to facilitate the return to employment of pensioners by age.
In this sense, article 18 of the aforementioned law is transformed, with the aim of establishing an exception to the application of the maximum limit of 90% for the calculation of pensions, in the case of pensioners who return to work, with 45 or more years of service, and who work at least five years.
Also, article 32 is modified to provide that the heads of the organs, organisms of the Central State Administration, national entities, companies, mercantile companies and local organs of the People's Power can authorize the reinstatement of a pensioner to the same position that he held at the moment of obtaining said benefit and accruing the pension and salary, provided that it responds to the interest of the entity and after consulting the Board of Directors, in accordance with the information provided by Marta Elena Feito Cabrera, Minister of Labor and Social Security.
Both provisions respond to the policy of Measures for the Improvement of the Socialist State Enterprise, approved at the meeting of the Council of Ministers on September 22, 2020.
New consultative body to encourage Cuban innovative activity
In addition, the agreement was adopted for the creation of the National Innovation Council, a national consultative body of the State, which will assist the President of the Republic in recommending decisions to promote innovation in the operation of the State, the Government, the economy and society, in a coordinated and integrated way. In this way, it will contribute to the vision of the Nation, as well as to the fulfillment of the current National Economic and Social Development Plan.
It will be chaired by the Cuban Head of State and integrated, as permanent members, by the prime minister, vice prime minister, the heads of Economy and Planning; Science, Technology and Environment; Higher education; Foreign Trade and Foreign Investment; Farming; Revolutionary Armed Forces; Industry; Energy and Mines; Communications; and the presidents of the Cuban Academy of Sciences and the Group of Biotechnology and Pharmaceutical Industries (BioCubaFarma).
With a similar category, five scientists who are experts in this subject and five businessmen with relevant roles in areas of greatest interest for innovation, appointed by the President of the Council, will also form part of the advisory body.
The latter may appoint other members and invite ministers, experts, scientists, governors and mayors to their activities, as appropriate.
In general, the Council is a platform for discussion and exchange of ideas and perspectives between specialists in the production and services sector, universities, science, technology and innovation entities, and the government.
Among its main functions is the promotion of innovation, in all its manifestations, scopes and spheres of the economic and social life of the country, by strengthening the connections between the state and non-state sector of production of goods and services, with academies, scientific-technological entities and other actors linked to the production, dissemination and use of knowledge for sustainable development.
Likewise, it will allow to promote it in the branch of public administration, in the production of goods and services, and for territorial and local development, linked to the national and sectoral level, among other objectives.
The provisions approved by the Council of State will be published in a timely manner in the Official Gazette of the Republic of Cuba for greater knowledge by the population, the corresponding agencies and entities. (Presidency Cuba)