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Radio Cadena Agramonte emisiora de Camagüey

Camagüey, Cuba, lack of sleep, health, curiosities

Why lack of sleep affects health and cognitive performance

Lack of sleep can have a number of negative health effects, including cognitive problems as it affects attention, concentration, memory and overall performance. It can be harder to focus on tasks, process information, and make decisions.

This disturbs cognitive development for various reasons. During sleep, our brain performs important processes of memory consolidation and neural restoration, which is crucial for proper learning and development.

Consolidate information

When you sleep, synaptic connections are strengthened and the information learned during the day is consolidated. Sleep deprivation can interfere with this process, making it difficult to retain information and learn efficiently. It also negatively affects the ability to focus and concentrate.

This can hinder the ability to process new information, follow directions, complete tasks, and maintain the focus necessary for learning. It can lead to a general decline in cognitive performance and manifest itself in slower information processing speed, problem solving difficulties, decreased creativity, and lower overall performance on tasks of this type.

The emotions

Adequate sleep plays an important role in emotional regulation and mental well-being. Lack of sleep can increase irritability, anxiety, and susceptibility to stress, which can interfere with learning ability and optimal cognitive development.

Chronic sleep deprivation can alter brain plasticity, which is the brain's ability to change and adapt in response to new experiences and learning. This can limit the potential for cognitive development in the long term.

Adequate sleep periods are essential, as it plays a critical role in memory consolidation, information processing, attention, emotional regulation, and brain plasticity, and its lack can disrupt these processes and negatively impact cognitive development at all stages of life, from infancy to adulthood.

Other negative effects of lack of sleep

Furthermore, chronic lack of sleep has been associated with an increased risk of heart disease, such as high blood pressure, coronary heart disease, and stroke, and may contribute to weight gain and obesity.

Insufficient sleep affects levels of appetite-related hormones, which can lead to increased food intake and a greater preference for high-calorie, high-carbohydrate foods.

It is also capable of affecting mood and contributing to emotional problems such as depression and anxiety. People who don't get enough sleep can experience mood swings, irritability, and difficulty regulating emotions.

Immune system

Sleep plays an important role in the proper functioning of the immune system. Lack of sleep can weaken this system, making a person more susceptible to disease and infection.

Sleep deprivation can affect attention and responsiveness, increasing the risk of traffic, work and home accidents. Lack of sleep can affect the levels of hormones in the body, including insulin, leptin, the hormone that regulates appetite, and cortisol, the stress hormone. These hormonal imbalances can contribute to long-term health problems, such as type 2 diabetes.

It is important to recognize the importance of adequate sleep in maintaining good health and well-being. Adults are recommended to get 7 to 9 hours of sleep a night, while adolescents and children need more sleep.

Anyone experiencing sleep problems or suffering from chronic lack of sleep may want to seek medical help to address the underlying problem and improve sleep quality. (Text: Cubahora) (Photo: Better with health)

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