Mexico City, Oct. 22.- Leaders of 12 countries in Latin America and the Caribbean, who attended the Migration Summit, approved this Sunday that the governments of the United States and Cuba carry out a comprehensive dialogue on their relations.
When reading the Joint Declaration, the Mexican Foreign Minister, Alicia Bárcenas, clarified that the leaders included an additional section with that proposal, although the process is not detailed.
The Summit, which met in the Mexican city of Palenque, sought to build comprehensive solutions to migratory flows based on the following objectives:
Consider its political-economic and social causes and climate change; external factors such as discrimination and the distribution of wealth that affect entire populations; and confront the migratory reality under the approach of respect for human rights, which requires shared responsibility to confront the flows among all and their structural causes.
To this end, they proposed a variety of actions, among which seeking self-sufficiency and food sovereignty, priority for the agricultural sector, care for the environment, decent employment, renewable energy, health self-sufficiency, investment, combating organized crime and human trafficking.
The chancellor noted that, for each purpose, Mexico makes technical collaboration offers immediately available such as the Sembrando Vida reforestation plans, Youth Building the Future and support related to oil, gas, renewable energy and others.
She particularly highlighted the creation of a medicines agency to solve emergency issues in the countries of the region, promote trade in the area, reduce tariffs or eliminate them and urge the lifting of coercive and forceful measures contrary to international law.
Likewise, take into account the situation of the countries of migration transit, those of origin, and define comprehensive policies, but in such a way that migration can be regularized by strengthening controls.
In addition, migration policies that do not have negative effects ought to be adopted, contribute and support Haiti in its efforts to create an environment of human security with a development focus.
Likewise, the Declaration contemplates the need to achieve a new international architecture of sovereign debt, achieve levels of sustainable development and thereby reduce the intention of people to migrate.
They considered it necessary to establish regular destination and mobilization routes and promote the return of the migrant.
The leaders proposed an international dialogue among all, organizing work to care for migrants, prioritizing women and children, and stimulating south-south cooperation, including the migration problem and its relationship with human rights.
They agreed to continue the frank dialogue at the highest level led by the respective foreign ministries, the exchange of information and link it with the high-level meeting on migration and development, proposed by Colombia and Mexico in the first quarter of 2024.
The leaders of Cuba, Colombia, Venezuela, Haiti, Belize, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Costa Rica, Honduras, Panama and Mexico participated in the meeting. (Text and photos: PL)